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Losing a loved one due to negligence or misconduct is a painful experience. For families seeking justice through a wrongful death lawsuit, the pressing question often is, "How long does a wrongful death lawsuit take?" The timeline for such cases can vary significantly, influenced by several key factors. In this article, we explore the typical duration of a wrongful death lawsuit, providing insights into the elements that shape the timeline and guiding families through the legal process.

how long does a wrongful death lawsuit take

What is a Wrongful Death Lawsuit, and Who Can File It?

A wrongful death lawsuit is a legal action brought against a party who has caused someone’s death is caused by the negligence or misconduct of another individual, company, or entity.

This legal remedy seeks compensation for various losses suffered by the surviving family members, including:

  • Lost wages or financial support from the deceased.
  • Emotional and financial hardships endured by survivors.
  • Funeral and medical expenses incurred due to the death.

When this happens, a wrongful death lawsuit can be filed by certain surviving family members or by a personal representative from the estate of the deceased. The survivors who might be eligible to bring a wrongful death lawsuit can vary from state to state. Still, it usually includes immediate family members of the deceased, such as spouses and children, and sometimes parents, siblings, and grandparents.

Laws regarding wrongful death vary between jurisdictions. Consult a lawyer if you believe you have a potential wrongful death claim.

If you're in Fort Walton Beach, Florida, contact Browning Law for experienced legal support. Our team can help you navigate the intricacies of wrongful death cases and fight for the compensation you deserve.

How Long Does a Wrongful Death Lawsuit Take?

The duration of a wrongful death lawsuit can vary widely, ranging from a few months to several years.

How Long Does a Wrongful Death Lawsuit Take

In Florida, a wrongful death lawsuit must be filed within two years of the date of death.

Factors Affecting the Duration of a Wrongful Death Lawsuit

The timeline depends on numerous factors. Here are the four factors that can affect the duration of a wrongful death lawsuit, along with some tips for each factor:

1. Complexity of the Case

The complexity of a wrongful death lawsuit can significantly influence its duration. This complexity can arise from various aspects such as the number of defendants involved, the type of damages sought, and the legal issues at hand. For instance, a case involving multiple defendants or complex issues like product liability may take longer to resolve than more straightforward cases.

Tips to Simplify the Case:

  • Hire an experienced wrongful death attorney who can navigate the complexities of the case.
  • Try to narrow down the issues to focus on the most critical aspects.
  • Avoid unnecessary disputes that could complicate the case and prolong its duration.

2. Availability of Evidence

The availability of evidence can also affect the timeline. Gathering, analyzing, and presenting relevant and reliable evidence to prove liability and damages can be time-consuming. Evidence in a wrongful death lawsuit may include medical records, police reports, witness statements, and expert opinions. To ensure evidence is obtained and preserved effectively, it’s crucial to act quickly, document everything, and follow legal procedures.

Tips to Obtain and Preserve Evidence:

  • Act quickly after the incident to gather as much evidence as possible.
  • Document everything related to the case.
  • Follow legal procedures to ensure the evidence is admissible in court.

3. Cooperation of the Parties

The level of cooperation between the parties involved can also impact how long to settle wrongful death suit. A willingness to negotiate, communicate effectively, and compromise can expedite resolution. Conversely, a lack of cooperation can lead to delays. Fostering cooperation involves being respectful, reasonable, and honest throughout the process.

Tips to Foster Cooperation:

  • Be respectful in all interactions related to the case.
  • Be reasonable in your demands and expectations.
  • Be honest and transparent about your intentions and concerns.

4. Court Schedule

Finally, court schedules can significantly impact how long to settle wrongful death suit. The availability of judges, jurors, and courtrooms can cause delays in hearings, motions, or trials. To avoid or minimize such delays, it’s important to be prepared, flexible, and proactive.

Tips to Avoid or Minimize Court Delays:

  • Be prepared for all court proceedings.
  • Be flexible with scheduling.
  • Be proactive in following up on your case’s progress.

Remember that each case is unique, so these are general guidelines and may not apply to every situation. Always consult with an experienced attorney for advice tailored to your specific

Factors Affecting the Duration of a Wrongful Death Lawsuit

How to File a Wrongful Death Lawsuit

If you suspect that the cause of a loved one's death was either negligence or a purposeful act, you should immediately seek the advice of an attorney to discuss the possibility of filing a wrongful death case. This is a crucial step to ensure that you may file your claim within the legally mandated time frame.

A court with the authority to preside over the case, often in the location where the death happened, would be the right venue to bring the complaint. You then have the option of negotiating a settlement with the parties responsible for the death. In most circumstances, the insurance company will represent the individual or business judged to be at blame in these negotiations.

If you are unable to reach a satisfactory settlement, your next step would be to submit your case in court. If you choose to settle, you will get monetary compensation but will also be compelled to waive any future claims relating to the death.

How to Defend a Wrongful Death Claim

Facing a wrongful death lawsuit doesn't necessarily mean the plaintiff will succeed. You are entitled to defend yourself, and there are several defenses you can employ in a wrongful death case, such as:

  1. The claim is time-barred due to the statute of limitations.
  2. You had no duty of care towards the deceased.
  3. You acted in self-defense.
  4. Your actions were not negligent, aligning with what a reasonable person would have done.
  5. Your actions didn't cause the deceased's death.
  6. Others are more at fault for the death than you are.
  7. The deceased contributed to their own death through their actions.
  8. The deceased was engaged in illegal activities that resulted in their death.

The optimal strategy for defending yourself in a wrongful death lawsuit is to work with a seasoned attorney. They can compile evidence to support your case and adeptly counter the claims brought by the plaintiff.


In conclusion, several factors influence how long does a wrongful death lawsuit takes. These include the complexity of the case, availability of evidence, cooperation between parties involved, and court schedules. By understanding these factors and employing strategies to expedite the process—such as hiring an experienced attorney—you can navigate your wrongful death claim more efficiently and effectively.

For expert guidance in handling your wrongful death claim in Fort Walton Beach, Florida, reach out to Browning Law today for a free consultaion!

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